In this article I am going to trace back some developments in mutual relations between culture, on one side, and scientific and technological advances, on the other side. To my mind, these observations could help to us to understand some aspects of current debates on goals, possibilities and limitations of extensive use of biological and medical sciences for the sake of preserving, restoring, prolonging, reconstructing or even constructing anew inpidual human existence.
The title of my article carries a significant theoretical difficulty. In what sense can we speak about cultural diversity and "ethics"? In the work "Modernity – An Incomplete Project" Habermas recalls the idea of Max Weber fundamental to this topic who "characterised cultural modernity as the separation of substantive reason expressed in religion and metaphysics into three autonomous spheres. They are: science, morality, and art".
Most generations and most critical communities have singled out four of Shakespeare's and four of Dostoevsky's works as the greatest among the dozens they wrote. All eight explore the psychological, political, and religious implications of murder, but in four very different ways.