The journal (print)
is indexed in:

Russian Science Citation Index

Ulrichs Periodicals Directory

CrossRef

iteFactor

The online version
is indexed in:

Russian Science Citation Index

Orphus system
Main page / "Knowledge. Understanding. Skill" Journal / Contents / 2015 / 1

Alekseev S. V., Plotnikova O. A. Myths and Falsifications in the History of Russia

(Moscow University for the Humanities,
Radetel Historical and Educational Society, Moscow)

Abstract ♦ This article is devoted to the correlation between the concepts of "myth" and "falsification" in the history of Russia. It has been prepared within the framework of the project titled "The impact of historical falsifications and myths on the consciousness and social behavior of modern Russian youth". This study seems still more topical in the light of the current public debate on "demythologizing" and the "war on historical falsifications". These issues have long been brought up by the authorities of the Russian Federation.

We provide some examples of historical myths and mythologized notions, also outlining the periodization of historical mythology, from traditional myths, epics, legends, to their interpretations in state ideologies and the construction of ideologically loaded myths; and finally, to current historical mythology reflected in the ideological constructs, slogans and permissive interpretations of history in mass media.

Our definitions of "myth" and "falsification" are built to reveal their fundamental distinctions. While "myth" is associated with massive phenomena appearing spontaneously and supported by long-term public interest, "falsification" should be understood as deliberate distortion of historical facts in favor of short-term personal or group interests. It is falsification which is the most obvious and dangerous enemy of history, since it often hides beyond the guise of objective historical research. Falsifications can seriously distort mass consciousness, partly because the latter is prone to mythologizing history.

The article presents the outcomes of a survey of expert opinion. Its participants were 30 experts on youth-related issues, professionals working with the young, lecturers and teachers of history and young historians from Moscow, Orel, Saratov and Petrozavodsk. The survey revealed a noticeable lack of unified position on these issues within the professional community. 

Keywords: myth, falsifications, history, Russian history, historical mythology  


Alekseev Sergey Viktorovich, Doctor of History, Professor and Chair, Department of history, Moscow University for the Humanities; Chair, Radetel Historical and Educational Society. Postal address: Bldg. 3, 5 Yunosti St., Moscow, Russia Federation, 111395. Tel.: +7 (499) 374-55-81. E-mail: ipo1972@mail.ru

Plotnikova Olga Anatolievna, Doctor of History, Associated Professor, Vice-Chair, Radetel Historical and Educational Society. Postal address: Bldg. 3, 5 Yunosti St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 111395. Tel.: +7 (499) 374-55-81. E-mail: monomach@list.ru

Download

Citation: Alekseev, S. V., Plotnikova, O. A. (2015) Myths and Falsifications in the History of Russia [ ]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie, no. 1, pp. 161-171. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17805/zpu.2015.1.15

Submission date: 15.12.2014.

RUSSIAN VERSION


REFERENCES

Amrakhova, G. S. (2014) O iunykh geroiakh voiny [On young heroes of the war]. Nauchnye trudy Moskovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta, no. 8, pp. 2534. (In Russ.).

Zhukova, O. G. (2013) Velikaia Otechestvennaia voina: ot mifa k legende [Great Patriotic War: from myth to legend]. In: Vysshee obrazovanie dlia XXI veka. X Mezhdunarodnaia konferentsiia [Higher Education for the 21st century: 10th International Conference]. Moscow, November 1416, 2013 : reports and proceedings. Kruglyi stol Mify i istoriia [Myths and History Round Table]. Moscow, Moscow University for the Humanities. 154 p. Pp. 112128. (In Russ.).

Istoriia [History]. Bol'shoi entsiklopedicheskii slovar' [Great Encyclopedic Dictionary]. [online] Available at: http://www.vedu.ru/bigencdic/24702/ [archived in WebCite] (accessed 14.12.2014). (In Russ.).

Mif [Myth]. Bol'shoi entsiklopedicheskii slovar' [Great Encyclopedic Dictionary] [online] Available at: http://www.vedu.ru/bigencdic/39220/ [archived in WebCite] (accessed 14.12.2014). (In Russ.).

Plotnikova, O. A. (2013) Istoricheskoie soznanie sovremennoi rossiiskoi molodezhi [Historical consciousness of modern Russian youth]. Nauchnye trudy Moskovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta, no. 8, pp. 1421. (In Russ.).

Fal'sifikatsiia [Falsification]. Bol'shoi entsiklopedicheskii slovar' [Great Encyclopedic Dictionary] [online] Available at: http://www.vedu.ru/bigencdic/65882/ [archived in WebCite] (accessed 14.12.2014). (In Russ.).

Fal'sifikatsiia [Falsification]. (1977) In: Bol'shaia sovetskaia entsiklopediia [Great Soviet Encyclopedia] : in 30 vols. / ed. by A. M. Prokhorov. 3rd edn. Moscow, Sovetskaia entsiklopediia Publ. Vol. 27. Ul'ianovsk Frankfort. 624 p. (In Russ.).

Vasmer, M. (2003) Etimologicheskii slovar' russkogo iazyka : in 4 vols. [Etymological dictionary of Russian language]. Moscow, AST Publ. Vol. 1. 576 p. (In Russ.).



to top


Moscow University for the Humanities


"Knowledge. Understanding. Skill" No. 4 2017
 The No. 4 2017 of the
Journal "Knowledge.
Understanding. Skill"
 is issued


What kind of higher education will be at the end of the XXI century?
 global and unified for the whole world
 local with the revival of traditions of national educational models
 something else
 there will be no necessity for it in general
The Editorial Board of the Informational Portal for the Humanities
"Knowledge. Understanding. Skill"

The Portal is registered by the Federal Service of Supervision over Observance of Legislation
in Mass Media Sphere and Protection of the Cultural Inheritance.
Registration certificate 77-25026 of the 14th of July, 2006.

   Rambler's Top100

Developed by: "Internet Factory"