Abstract ♦ This article aims to describe the youth as a protest subject, focusing on its features which contribute to or prevent realization of protest feelings. We present an analysis of the major sociological theories of the youth as related to studying protest feelings, such as the humanist, thesaurus and riskological theories. Special attention has been paid to stratificational, socializational, subcultural and group characteristics of the youth. We have shown that youth is a social group significantly important for the society’s sustainability and for the transfer of sociocultural experience, at the same time acting as a source of intergenerational conflicts and generational change as sociodynamics.
We argue that protest behaviour is attributional for the youth. Correspondingly, we can refine the definition of the youth, treating it as an age and social group based on self-identification and special social status and possessing major innovative and protest capabilities. These capabilities act as a factor for transformational social activity, with its dynamism and viability, paradoxicality and marginal character, with the youth realizing, formulating and defending their subject status. All of these together form a precondition for risks in the youth environment.
Protest behaviour is typical for the youth due to some peculiarities of socialization in this period. Young people often feel the society’s imperfection in a most acute way, demanding too much from themselves and others, realizing their own subjectivity and also the impossibility of using it to the full. Thesauri of the youth feature the idea of possible success of protest actions, and at the same time reveal no understanding of risks and of opportunities achieved through conventional politics. These factors contribute to the rise of protest feelings among the youth.
Keywords: protest feelings, thesaurus concept of youth, riskological concept of youth, marginality, subculture, socialization, mass media.
Gaba Oleg Ivanovich, Postgraduate student, Department of Sociology, Moscow University for the Humanities. Postal address: 5 Yunosti St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 111395. Tel.: +7 (499) 374-51-61. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Research adviser: Val. A. Lukov, Doctor of Philosophy, Professor.
Citation: Gaba O. I. (2015) Molodezh' kak sub"ekt protestnykh nastroenii [Youth as a subject of protest feelings]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie, no. 1, pp. 144–151. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.17805/zpu.2015.1.13
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