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Main page / "Knowledge. Understanding. Skill" Journal / Contents / 2014 / No. 4

Emelianova T. P., Misharina A. V. Commemoration of Victory in the Great Patriotic War as Perceived by Various Social Groups

The article was written as part of the project titled “Collective Memory of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War in the Minds of Large Groups of Society (Approaching the 70th Anniversary of Victory)” (supported by the Russian Foundation for the Humanities, grant No. 14-36-01021).

(Moscow University for the Humanities),
(Com-Dental LLC, Moscow)

Abstract ♦ The article presents the outcomes of the exploratory phase of our study, which focused on various ways to memorialize the victory, such as social events, movies, textbooks, Internet projects, etc.

The research was conducted by means of a structured interview followed by content analysis of the responses given by 50 representatives of three social groups — students, unemployed adults and retirees. They identified the main characteristics of the images of the war Victory and outlined the various sources behind these representations. We have discovered that the Victory Day parade on May 9th is the crucial social event in forming the image of Victory in all social groups. The interpretation of this event, however, is not always unambiguous — while pensioners see it in the positive light, as a manifestation of respect for veterans and a reminder of the end of the War, working adults note misallocation of financial resources that could have been spent on improving the veterans’ housing conditions. Students frequently see the May 9 parade as merely a formal event, marked with insincerity and hypocrisy on the part of the organizers and participants.

Respondents pay due tribute to films about the war and consider them an important tool of transmitting knowledge about the war, its costs and events to the future generations. Pensioners single out patriotism and readiness for self-sacrifice as the films’ major features. Working adults tend to view them as a reminder to us all about the importance of preventing war, and about the terrible tragedy war brought into the life of every family. Students seek reliable information about the wartime events and look for models of behavior of their peers under such extreme conditions.

The study has shown that the views of the image of victory and the methods of its commemoration obviously differ between the three social groups. Nevertheless, it is clear that memories of the events of the Great Patriotic War are integrative for the society and thus deserve a more detailed study.

Keywords: collective memory, mass consciousness, large social groups, World War II, Great Patriotic War, images of Victory, ways of memorialization.

Emelianova Tatiana Petrovna, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department of Social and Ethnical Psychology, Moscow University for the Humanities. Postal address: 5 Yunosti St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 111395. Tel.: +7 (499) 374-56-11. E-mail:

Misharina Anna Vladimirovna, HR-manager, Com-Dental LLC, Moscow. Postal address: 7-2 Bolshoi Kozikhinsky Lane, Moscow, Russian Federation, 103104. Tel.: +7 (495) 580-30-80. E-mail:


Citation: Emelianova T. P. and Misharina A. V. (2014) Oznamenovanie Pobedy v Velikoi Otechestvennoi voine v vospriiatii razlichnykh sotsial'nykh grupp [Commemoration of Victory in the Great Patriotic War as Perceived by Various Social Groups]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie, no. 4, pp. 220–229. (In Russ.).

Submission date: 30.08.2014.



Afanasieva, A. I. and Merkushin, V. I. (2005) Velikaia Otechestvennaia voina v istoricheskoi pamiati rossiian [The Great Patriotic War in the Historical Memory of Russians]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniia, no. 5, pp. 11–22. (In Russ.).

Emelianova, T. P. (2012) Kollektivnaia pamiat' v kontekste obydennogo politicheskogo soznaniia [Collective Memory in the Context of Everyday Political Consciousness]. Informatsionnyi gumanitarnyi portal "Znanie. Ponimanie.Umenie", no. 4 [online] Available at: [archived in WebCite] (accessed 10.08.2014) (In Russ.).

Kuznetsova (Misharina), A. V. (2012) Suzhdeniia o politicheskoi vlasti i kollektivnye vospominaniia predstavitelei razlichnykh pokolenii o znachimykh sobytiiakh istoricheskogo proshlogo Rossii [Judgments about Political Power and the Collective Memories of the Significant Events of Russia’s Past in Various Generations]. In: Aktual'nye problemy sotsial'noi psikhologii: voprosy teori i praktiki [Topical Issues of Social Psychology: Problems of Theory and Practice] : a collection of articles. Moscow, Moscow State Pedagogical University Publ. 207 p. Pp. 150–159. (In Russ.).

Kuznetsova (Misharina), A. V. (2013) Kollektivnye vospominaniia o politicheskoi vlasti v razlichnye istoricheskie periody u predstavitelei raznykh sotsial'nykh grupp rossiian [Collective Memories of Political Power during Various Historical Periods in Different Social Groups]. Sotsial'naia psikhologiia i obshchestvo, no. 3, pp. 102–115. (In Russ.).

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