The journal (print)
is indexed in:

Russian Science Citation Index

Ulrichs Periodicals Directory

CrossRef

iteFactor

The online version
is indexed in:

Russian Science Citation Index

Orphus system
Main page / "Knowledge. Understanding. Skill" Journal / Contents / 2014 / No. 4

Nikolaev N. I., Shvetsova T. V. The Motives of the Heroines Suicide in I. S. Turgenevs Novellas

(Lomonosov Northern [Arctic] Federal University, Arkhangelsk)

Abstract ♦ The article investigates the peculiarity of the heroines suicide motives in Turgenevs novellas (The Lull, An Unhappy Girl and Klara Milich). The basic content of these works is defined by the attitudes of other characters, of the narrator and the author towards the act committed by the female protagonists, by the universal desire to discover the underlying motives of the suicide.

The plots of the novellas feature the same elements, and the surface motive for the suicides seems simple: unrequited love. Yet, Turgenevs texts cast doubt on the simplicity of the answer. The heroines acts ultimately stop seeming obvious, and their behavior is revealed as always contradictory. Unsatisfied expectations, lost hopes for happy life with their lover push Turgenevs heroines towards a tragic end. However, the suicide in each novella is accompanied by a number of details which are not fully explainable and unwittingly question this simplistic interpretation of the protagonists deaths.

Russian literature has formulated the principles of artistic understanding of a heroines suicide as early as in the late 18th century. The motives which drove Turgenevs female protagonists towards self-killing can be viewed in the context of the 18th century literary achievements, with a special focus on the characters created by J.-W. Goethe and N.M. Karamzin. It is important to note that under similar circumstances, Russian and Western literary heroes perform unique actions.

We believe that the originality of suicides in Russian literature in comparison with the European tradition is closely linked to a specific worldview and the architectonics of the literary world where the self-killing is performed. The treatment of this subject in the novellas by N.M. Karamzin and I.S. Turgenev matched the predominant religious and ethical principles of the Russian cultural space.

Keywords: Russian literature, comparative studies, Nikolay M. Karamzin, J.-W. von Goethe, Ivan S. Turgenev, novella, suicide, the lyric hero.


Nikolaev Nikolai Ippolitovich, Doctor of Philology, Professor, Chair, Department of the Theory and History of Literature, M.V. Lomonosov Northern (Arctic) Federal University. Postal address: 36 Karl Marx St., Severodvinsk, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russian Federation, 164500. Tel.: +7 (8184) 53-84-00. E-mail: nikolay.nick2012@yandex.ru

Shvetsova Tatyana Vasilievna, Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, Department of the Theory and History of Literature, M.V. Lomonosov Northern (Arctic) Federal University. Postal address: 36 Karl Marx St., Severodvinsk, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russian Federation, 164500. Tel.: +7 (8184) 53-84-00. E-mail: tavach@atnet.ru

Download

Citation: Nikolaev, N. I. and Shvetsova, T. V. (2014) Motivy samoubiistva geroin' povestei I. S. Turgeneva [The Motives of the Heroines Suicide in I. S. Turgenevs Novellas]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie, no. 4, pp. 251259. (In Russ.).

Submission date: 18.02.2014.

RUSSIAN VERSION


REFERENCES

Avdeev, M. V. (1874) Nashe obshchestvo v geroiakh i geroiniakh literatury (18201870) [Our Society in Literary Heroes and Heroines (18201870)]. St. Petersburg. K. V. Trubnikovs Printing House. 291 p. (In Russ.).

Bakhtin, M. M. (1995) K filosofii postupka [Toward a Philosophy of the Act]. In: Bakhtin, M. M. Chelovek v mire slova [Man in the World of the Word]. Moscow, Russian Open University Publ. 140 p. Pp. 2267. (In Russ.).

Goethe, J.-W. (1985) Izbrannye proizvedeniia [Selected Works] : in 2 vols. Moscow, Pravda Publ. Vol. 2. 704 p. (In Russ.).

Zhirmunskii, V. M. (1982) Gete v russkoi literature [Goethe in Russian Literature]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ. 560 p. (In Russ.).

Nikolaev, N. I. (1997a) Vnutrennii mir cheloveka v russkom literaturnom soznanii XVIII veka [Mans Inner World in the Russian Literary Consciousness of the 18th Century] : diss. Doctor of Philology. Arkhangelsk. 304 p. (In Russ.).

Nikolaev, N. I. (1997b) Vnutrennii mir cheloveka v russkom literaturnom soznanii XVIII veka [Mans Inner World in the Russian Literary Consciousness of the 18th Century]. Arkhangelsk, Pomor State University Publ. 148 p. (In Russ.).

Nikolaev, N. I. (2009) Russkii literaturnyi geroi v kontekste eticheskikh iskanii XVIIIXIX vekov [Russian Literary Heroes in the Context of Ethical Search in the 18th-19th Centuries]. Arkhangelsk, Solti Publ. Part 1: Arkhitektonika mira postupka russkogo literaturnogo geroia pervoi treti XVIII veka [The Architectonics of the World of Action by Heroes of Russian Literature in the First Third of the 18th Century]. 172 p. (In Russ.).

Nikolaev, N. I. (2012a) K voprosu ob utochnenii poniatiia literaturnyi geroi [On Refining the Concept of the Hero in Literature]. Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo) Federal'nogo universiteta. Seriia: Gumanitarnye i sotsial'nye nauki, no 3, pp. 100104. (In Russ.).

Nikolaev, N. I. (2012b) Literaturnyi geroi v mire ego postupka [Literary Heroes in the World of Their Acts]. Diskussiia, no. 3 (21), pp. 173176. (In Russ.).

Russkaia literatura XVIII veka [Russian Literature of the 18th Century] (1970) / comp. by G. P. Makogonenko. Leningrad, Prosveshchenie Publ. 831 p. (In Russ.).

Turgenev, I. S. (1980) Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem [Complete Works and Letters] : in 30 vols. Sochineniia [Works] : in 12 vols. Moscow, Nauka Publ. Vol. 4. 688 p. (In Russ.).

Turgenev, I. S. (1981) Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem [Complete Works and Letters] : in 30 vols. Sochineniia [Works] : in 12 vols. Moscow, Nauka Publ. Vol. 8. 544 p. (In Russ.).

Turgenev, I. S. (1982) Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem [Complete Works and Letters]: in 30 vols. Sochineniia [Works] : in 12 vols. Moscow, Nauka Publ. Vol. 10. 608 p. (In Russ.).



to top


Moscow University for the Humanities


"Knowledge. Understanding. Skill" No. 4 2017
 The No. 4 2017 of the
Journal "Knowledge.
Understanding. Skill"
 is issued


What kind of higher education will be at the end of the XXI century?
 global and unified for the whole world
 local with the revival of traditions of national educational models
 something else
 there will be no necessity for it in general
The Editorial Board of the Informational Portal for the Humanities
"Knowledge. Understanding. Skill"

The Portal is registered by the Federal Service of Supervision over Observance of Legislation
in Mass Media Sphere and Protection of the Cultural Inheritance.
Registration certificate 77-25026 of the 14th of July, 2006.

   Rambler's Top100

Developed by: "Internet Factory"